Cheyne-Stokes respiration in congestive heart failure
Yale J Biol Med 1992; 65(1): p. 39.
AbstractCheyne-Stokes respiration is an abnormal breathing pattern which commonly occurs in patients with decompensated congestive heart failure and neurologic diseases, in whom periods of tachypnea and hyperpnea alternate with periods of apnea. In the majority of these patients, the ventilatory patterns may not be recognized, and the clinical features are generally dominated by the underlying disease process. Cheyne-Stokes respiration may, however, have profound effects on the cardiopulmonary system, causing oxygen desaturation, cardiac arrhythmias, and changes in mental status.
Treatment of Cheyne-Stokes respiration in congestive heart failure with supplemental oxygen or nasal continuous positive airway pressure, in addition to conventional therapy, may improve the overall cardiac function and perhaps the patient's prognosis.