Erowid
 
 
Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Donations are Matched in September!
Contribute $10 or more during our annual September
Public Support Drive and get your donation DOUBLED
Help us spread accurate info for harm reduction & benefit enhancement
Cocaine Chemistry
by Erowid

NAME :Cocaine
CHEMICAL NAME :[1R-(exo,exo)]-3-(Benzoyloxy)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES : 3beta-hydroxy-1alphaH, 5alphaH-tropane-2beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester benzoate
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES : 2beta-carbomethyoxy-3beta-benzoxytropane, ecgonine methyl ester benzoate
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES : l-cocaine, beta-cocaine, benzoylmethyl-ecgonine
CHEMICAL FORMULAC17H21NO4
MOLECULAR WEIGHT303.36
MELTING POINT98° (monoclinic tablets)
MELTING POINT195° (Hydrochloride)
MELTING POINT58-63° (Nitrate dihydrate)
From the Merck Index 12th Edition


Cocaine Molecule




MERCK INDEX ENTRY
2515. Coca. Erythroxylon; cuca; hayo; ipado. Dried leaves of Erythroxylon coca Lam., Erythroxylaceae. Habit. Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, cultivated in Java. Constit. 0.5-1% alkaloids in the South American, 1.5-2.5% in the Javanese leaves. In the former, the major alkaloid is cocaine; in the latter, there is very little cocaine, the alkaloids, consisting chiefly of ecgonine derivatives such as benzoyl ecgonine, methyl ecgonine, etc. The Java leaves also contain small quantities of tropococaine which is apparently absent in the South American leaves. Other "cocaine" alkaloids present are truxillococaine, isatropylcocaine or cocamine, cocaicine.

Note: This is a controlled substance listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Part 1308.12 (1995).

THERAP CAT: CNS stimulant