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Raikos N, Tsoukali H, Psaroulis D, Vassiliadis N, Tsoungas M, Njau S. 
“Amphetamine derivative related deaths in northern Greece”. 
Forensic Sci Int. 2002;128(1-2):31-34..
Until 1997, only one amphetamine related derivatives (AMPs) fatality had been reported in Greece. Since then, amphetamine (AMP) or AMPs have been found in seven out of 1500 post-mortem toxicological cases. The cause and manner of death of these seven cases were: 3,4-methylenedioxy- N-methamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA) poisoning (n=1), drowning in water (n=4), cranial injuries caused by a traffic accident (n=1) and heart failure (n=1).In the case where the use of AMP or AMPs was considered, the immediate cause of death post-mortem toxicological analysis revealed 2&mgr;g/ml MDMA and 0.7&mgr;g/ml MDEA in blood. MDMA was identified in two cases of drowning (2&mgr;g/ml in blood in the first case and 1.7&mgr;g/g in liver in the second case) and in the traffic accident case (0.4&mgr;g/g in liver). Methamphetamine was detected in two cases of drowning (2.5&mgr;g/ml in blood in the first case and 6&mgr;g/g in liver in the second case). AMP was found in the heart failure case (0.2&mgr;g/g in liver). Alcohol was present, together with AMP or AMPs, in four cases. These findings indicate an increase in the illegal abuse of AMPs in Greece. Because of this, we now routinely screen for AMPs.
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