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Dulawa SC, Hen R, Scearce-Levie K, Geyer MA. 
“5-HT1B receptor modulation of prepulse inhibition: recent findings in wild-type and 5-HT1B knockout mice”. 
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1998 Dec 15;861:79-84.
Sensorimotor gating of the startle reflex occurs when the presentation of a weak 'prepulse' 30-500 msec prior to a startling stimulus inhibits the reflex, and is called prepulse inhibition (PPI). The study of PPI has recently been extended to mice to take advantage of recent advances in molecular genetics, because several neuropsychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, obsessive compulsive disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder are characterized by PPI deficits. Studies in wild-type and 5-HT1B knockout mice suggest that activation of 5-HT1B receptors decreases PPI. The direct 5-HT1A/1B agonist RU24969 decreases PPI in wild-type but not 5-HT1B knockout mice. Likewise, the serotonin releasing compounds MDMA(+), MBDB(+/-), and alpha-ethyltryptamine (AET) have no effect on PPI in wild-type mice, but increase PPI in 5-HT1B knockout mice. As the direct 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT increases PPI in mice, the unmasking of these effects may also contribute to the PPI-increasing effects of 5-HT releasers in 5-HT1B knockout mice.
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