Erowid References Database
Pradhan SN, Hollister LE.
“Abuse Of LSD And Other Hallucinogenic Drugs”.
Drug Abuse: Clinical and Basic Aspects.. 1977;p274-289.
Ever since man came into existence with is enormously developed brain, the seat of play and interplay of a great variety of moods and of limitless consciousness, he has attempted in many ingenious ways to alter moods and to manipulate the boundaries of consciousness. He explored within himself in deep meditation sitting in caves and forests, sang and danced with his fellow men and women to relieve tensions, and searched for substances to alter his mood. Primitive people throughout the world have developed many effective drugs, mostly from plant sources, either accidentally in search of food or through laborious procedures of chewing parts of individual plants. The empirical discoveries of such mind-altering drugs took place in various parts of the world and over many millenia. Many of these drugs change mood and modify various types of sensory perceptions. Perceptual alterations include illusion (false interpretation of a areal sensory image), hallucination (perception of an external stimulus object in absence of such an object), and pseudohallucination (hallucination brought about by excercize of memory and imagination). The characteristic feature of these substances, which have been called as hallucinogens, is related to their capacity to induc or compel states of altered perception, mood, or thought that are not (or cannot be) experienced except in dreams or during religious exaltation. Contents: Patterns of abuse Manifestations LSD syndromes Initial effects Perceptual changes Emotional chages Changes in ego function Behavioral changes Comparison of different hallucinogens LSD, mescaline, and psilocybin Taraxein Anticholinergics Phencyclidine Tolerance and dependence Acute toxicity Adverse psychological reactions to hallucinogens and differential diagnosis Acute panic reactions Flashbacks Psychosis Management of adverse reactions Acute panic reactions Flashbacks Psychosis Special problsems Genetic complications Brain damage Retinopathy Miscellaneous effects Interactions with other drugs Therapeutic effects
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