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Maj J, Vetulani J, Michaluk J, Rogóz Z, Skuza G. 
“Central Action of Amitriptyline N-oxide”. 
Pharmacopsychiat.. 1982;15:187 - 191.
The central action of amitriptyline N-oxide (AMINO) has been compared with amitriptyline (AMI) in biochemical and pharmacological studies in rats and mice. It has been found in rats that both drugs prevent 6-OH-dopamine-induced depletion of brain noradrenaline (NA). At the same time AMINO increases and AMI lowers the NA level, both being without effect on 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol concentrations in the brain. AMINO and AMI potentiate the depletion of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) induced by p-chloroamphetamine in the rat brain and it may be considered as evidence that both drugs do not inhibit 5-HT uptake in vivo. Neither AMINO nor AMI affects the rat brain level of 5-HT but at higher doses they elevate the 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid concentrations. AMINO antagonizes the head twitch reaction induced by 5-hydroxytryptophan in mice and tryptamine convulsions in rats. The hyperthermia induced by fenfluramine (in rats at a high ambient temperature) as well as the stimulation of the hind limb flexor reflex in spinal rats, induced by fenfluramine or LSD, are also inhibited. AMINO antagonizes the 5-HT-induced increase in blood pressure in pithed rats All the above effects are similar to those induced by only the active doses of AMINO are higher. The results presented indicate that AMINO, like AMI, inhibits NA uptake and is a 5-HT antagonist.
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