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Dafters RI. 
“Hyperthermia following MDMA administration in rats: effects of ambient temperature, water consumption, and chronic dosing”. 
Physiol Behav. 1995;58(5):877-82.
In two experiments it was found that the hyperthermia which follows MDMA ('Ecstasy') results from an interaction of direct pharmacological effect of the drug and the prevailing environmental conditions in which it is administered. In Experiment 1, rats given fixed doses of either 2.5, 5.0 or 7.5 mg/kg MDMA or saline were injected on different days at ambient temperatures (Ta's) of 11, 24, and 30 degrees C. At each Ta drinking water was freely available following dosing on one session and temporarily unavailable on a second. The hyperthermic and hyperkinetic responses were monitored using remote biotelemetry. Experiment 2 used a between-subject design in which each group of rats received a standard 7.5 mg/kg dose of MDMA administered at only one of the three levels of Ta(24 degrees C) and at only one level of the water-availability factor. Dosing in some groups was continued for a further 13 days to test for tolerance or sensitization effects. Ambient temperature significantly affected the magnitude of the hyperthermia but not the hyperkinesis. Water deprivation during the drugged period significantly augmented the hyperthermia, but only in the high Ta (30 degrees C.) condition. Chronic dosing produced sensitization of both hyperthermic and hyperkinetic responses. The findings indicate that ambient temperature, water consumption and frequency of drug use affect the hyperthermia which follows MDMA administration.
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