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Dulawa SC, Scearce-Levie KA, Hen R, Geyer MA. 
“Serotonin releasers increase prepulse inhibition in serotonin 1B knockout mice”. 
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2000;149(3):306-12.
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) is the normal reduction of the startle response which occurs when an abrupt startling stimulus is preceded by a weak pre-stimulus and is decreased in several neuropsychiatric disorders.
OBJECTIVE: The role of the serotonin 1B (5-HT(1B)) receptor in modulating PPI was investigated using 5-HT-releasing agents in wild-type (WT) and 5-HT1B knockout (1BKO) mice. Whether the differential effects of 5-HT-releasing agents on PPI in WT and 1BKO mice resulted from lack of the 5-HT1B receptor or altered development was also assessed.

METHODS: PPI was assessed in WT and 1BKO mice treated with the 5-HT-releasing agents (+)3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA: 0, 10 mg/kg) or (+/-)N-methyl-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-butanamine (MBDB: 0, 10 mg/kg). Additionally, intact 129 Sv mice received pre-treatments of the 5-HT1B/1D antagonist GR 127935 (0, 0.75, 1.5, 3.0 mg/kg) and treatments of MDMA (10 mg/kg).

RESULTS: MDMA and MBDB increased PPI in 1BKO mice, but did not alter PPI in WT mice. Intact 129 Sv mice receiving 3.0 mg/kg GR 127935 and 10 mg/kg MDMA exhibited increases in PPI. CONCLUSIONS: The ability of GR 127935 to increase PPI in intact MDMA-treated mice suggests that lack of the 5-HT1B receptor, and not altered development, is responsible for the PPI-increasing effects of 5-HT releasers in 1BKO mice. 5-HT release activates multiple 5-HT receptor subtypes, which individually may increase or decrease PPI and together have a combined effect on PPI. Our finding that MDMA and MBDB increase PPI in 1BKO, but not WT mice, indicates that the activation of 5-HT1B receptors by 5-HT disrupts PPI.

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