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Galloway G, Shulgin AT, Kornfeld H, Frederick SL. 
“Amphetamine, not MDMA, is associated with intracranial hemorrhage”. 
J Accid Emerg Med. 1995;12(3):231-2.
A case report entitled 'Intracranial haemorrhage associated with ingestion of 'Ecstasy'' is fraught with errors. Chief among these errors are the misleading title and summary, as no 'Ecstasy' was involved. The authors define 'Ecstasy' as '3-4 methylene-dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)', but go on to state that drug analysis revealed the presence of amphetamine, not MDMA. Consideration of MDMA as a possible aetiological agent was purely anecdotal, being derived from history given by a friend to the effect that the patient had 'apparently taken 'Ecstasy''. No information is presented from this friend as to the basis of her belief-- whether the patient had told her that she had ingested MDMA, whether she felt the patient's behaviour was consistent with 'Ecstasy' use, or for some other reason. While the patient's inability to speak at the time of admission explains why no history could be obtained from her at that time, her speech did return after treatment. Yet the patient's belief as to what she ingested is not reported.
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