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Lebsanft HB, Mayerhofer A, Kovar KA, Schmidt WJ. 
“Is the Ecstasy-induced ipsilateral rotation in 6-hydroxydopamine unilaterally lesioned rats dopamine independent?”. 
J Neural Transm. 2003 Jun 17;110(7):707-18.
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has recently been hypothesized to be effective against the symptoms of Parkinson\'s disease. Therefore we tested the effects of MDMA-derivatives in the rotational behavioural model. Male Sprague Dawley rats were lesioned unilaterally with 6-hydroxydopamine at the medial forebrain bundle. MDMA was administered at doses of 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg, its derivatives N-Methyl-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-butananamine (MBDB), 3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDE) and 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) at 5.0 mg/kg respectively. All substances induced ipsilateral rotations, MDA being the most effective. MDMA induced rotations were attenuated by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor Citalopram but were only slightly reduced by pre-treatment with the selective serotonin synthesis inhibitor PCPA (para-chlorophenylalanine). The effects of MDMA can therefore not fully be explained by serotonin release or by dopaminergic activity of the drugs.
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