Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Erowid References Database
Gu XF, Azmitia EC. 
“Integrative transporter-mediated release from cytoplasmic and vesicular 5-hydroxytryptamine stores in cultured neurons”. 
Eur J Pharmacol. 1993;235(1):51-7.
The direct effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and p-chloroamphetamine (PCA) were studied in microculture of fetal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurons. Both MDMA and PCA released 5-HT with the potency of PCA > MDMA by a mechanism inhibited by fluoxetine, and inhibitor of the 5-HT transporter. The transporter-mediated release by MDMA and PCA reduced intracellular stores of 5-HT. Both MDMA and PCA inhibit MAO-A activities, which also contributes to the increase of extracellular 5-HT levels. Deprenyl (10(-7) M) increased the amount of intracellular 5-HT and potentiated the MDMA- or PCA-induced release of 5-HT. Conversely, reserpine (10(-9) M) reduced the intracellular 5-HT levels and attenuated the transporter-mediated release. In addition, MDMA- or PCA-mediated release was attenuated by nimodipine (10(-8) M), an L-type Ca2+ channel antagonist. Our results indicate that MDMA- or PCA-induced release of 5-HT occurs from the cytoplasm to the media through the 5-HT transporter, and that the release may incorporate 5-HT from the vesicular stores.
Comments and Responses to this Article
Submit Comment
[ Cite HTML ]