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Glennon RA, Bondareva T, Young R. 
“alpha-Ethyltryptamine (alpha-ET) as a discriminative stimulus in rats”. 
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Nov 15;85(2).
alpha-Ethyltryptamine (etryptamine, alpha-ET) is a drug of abuse that first appeared on the clandestine market in the mid-1980s. Its pharmacological actions are poorly understood. In this investigation, it is reported for the first time that alpha-ET serves as a training drug in drug discrimination studies. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to discriminate (30-min pretreatment time) 2.5 mg/kg of alpha-ET (ED(50)=1.3 mg/kg) from saline vehicle using a standard two-lever operant paradigm and a VI-15s schedule of reinforcement for appetitive reward. Once established, the alpha-ET stimulus was shown to have an onset to action of 30 min and a duration of effect of at least 4 h. In tests of stimulus generalization (substitution), the alpha-ET stimulus generalized to S(-)alpha-ET (ED(50)=1.6 mg/kg) and R(+)alpha-ET (ED(50)=1.3 mg/kg). Tests of stimulus generalization were also conducted with prototypical phenylisopropylamines: (+)amphetamine, 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOM), and N-methyl-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (PMMA). The alpha-ET stimulus generalized to DOM (ED(50)=0.4 mg/kg) and PMMA (ED(50)=0.7 mg/kg), but only partially generalized (ca. 40% maximal drug-appropriate responding) to (+)amphetamine. The results suggest that alpha-ET produces a complex stimulus.
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