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Sabol KE, Seiden LS. 
“Reserpine attenuates D-amphetamine and MDMA-induced transmitter release in vivo: a consideration of dose, core temperature and dopamine synthesis”. 
Brain Res. 1998 Sep 21;806(1):69-78.
Amphetamine releases dopamine through a transporter-mediated mechanism. The purpose of this report was to further our understanding of the intracellular pool from which amphetamine releases dopamine: the cytoplasmic pool, the vesicular pool, or both. Rats were treated with D-amphetamine (AMPH) (1.0 or 10.0 mg/kg) or an amphetamine analog, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) (2.0, 5.0, or 10.0 mg/kg). Pre-treatment with 10.0 mg/kg reserpine (18 h prior to AMPH or MDMA) attenuated dopamine release for high and low AMPH doses; however the low-dose effect showed borderline significance. Pre-treatment with 10.0 mg/kg reserpine attenuated dopamine and serotonin release induced by MDMA. The dopamine effect was seen at all three MDMA doses; the effect on serotonin was only measured at the 10.0 mg/kg dose. Reserpine pre-treatment caused reductions in core body temperature; heating the rats to normal body temperature for 3 h prior to AMPH or MDMA, and during the 4 h post-treatment period partially reversed the reserpine-induced attenuation of dopamine release. However, the intermediate level of dopamine release for the reserpinized-heated animals was not significantly different from either the reserpine group (not heated) or the AMPH or MDMA alone groups. In a separate group of rats, the effects of reserpine and reserpine+heat on dopamine synthesis were measured. DOPA accumulation after treatment with the aromatic acid decarboxylase inhibitor NSD-1015 (100 mg/kg, 30 min before sacrifice), was greater in rats treated with reserpine compared to controls; heating the reserpinized rats did not significantly alter the amount of DOPA accumulation; however there was a trend towards further increase. These results suggest that D-amphetamine releases dopamine that is stored in both vesicles and the cytoplasm. Cooling may contribute to the attenuation of AMPH or MDMA-induced dopamine release observed after reserpine; however, AMPH or MDMA dependence upon vesicular stores most likely explains the diminished release after reserpine. The attenuation of AMPH or MDMA-induced transmitter release by reserpine is thought to be counteracted by a reserpine-induced replenishment of stores. Therefore, all doses of D-amphetamine may use vesicular stores; the degree to which new synthesis counteracts the vesicular depletion may be the variable which differentiates low from high doses of D-amphetamine. Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
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