Erowid References Database
Carmo H, Remião F, Carvalho F, Fernandes E, de Boer D, dos Reys LA, de Lourdes Bastos M.
“4-Methylthioamphetamine-induced hyperthermia in mice: influence of serotonergic and catecholaminergic pathways”.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2003 Aug 06;190(3):262-71.
4-Methylthioamphetamine 4-MTA, also known as p-methylthioamphetamine, is a new amphetamine derivative which in humans has been increasingly associated with severe intoxications and several deaths. As hyperthermia is considered to be one of the most life-threatening acute physiological consequences of amphetamine-related intoxications, it was our aim to determine whether 4-MTA induces changes in body temperature in a mouse model. Accordingly, we measured the subcutaneous temperature after acute administration of 4-MTA in CD1 mice. Because hyperthermia seems to result from the central and peripheral actions of catecholamines and serotonin 5-hydroxytriptamine or 5-HT, we also investigated the possible interactions of some catecholaminergic and serotonergic receptor blockers and the inhibition of monoamine oxidase MAO with this effect. 4-MTA induced hyperthermia in CD1 mice. Blockade of the 5-HT receptors with methysergide and MAO inhibition with pargyline resulted in the potentiation of the 4-MTA-induced hyperthermic effect. Blockade of the alpha1-adrenergic receptors with prazosin completely reverted the 4-MTA-induced hyperthermia while with the beta-adrenergic receptor blocker dl-propranolol this reversal was not complete. Blockade of the alpha2-adrenergic receptors with yohimbine had no effect on the hyperthermia induced by 4-MTA. These results suggest that 4-MTA-induced hyperthermia is highly influenced by the catecholaminergic and serotonergic receptor activation and the MAO activity.
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