Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Erowid References Database
Chen BH, Liu JT, Chen WX, Chen HM, Lin CH. 
“A general approach to the screening and confirmation of tryptamines and phenethylamines by mass spectral fragmentation”. 
Talanta. 2008 Jan 28;74(4):512-7.
Certain characteristic fragmentations of tryptamines (indoleethylamine) and phenethylamines are described. Based on the GC-EI/MS, LC-ESI/MS and MALDI/TOFMS, the mass fragmentations of 13 standard compounds, including alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT), N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), 5-methoxy-alpha-methyltryptamine (5-MeO-AMT), N,N-diethyltryptamine (DET), N,N-dipropyltryptamine (DPT), N,N-dibutyltryptamine (DBT), N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (DIPT), 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT), 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT), methamphetamine (MAMP), 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (3,4-MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (3,4-MDMA) and 2-methylamino-1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)butane (MBDB), were compared. As a result, the parent ions of these analytes were hard to be obtained by GC/MS whereas the protonated molecular ions can be observed clearly by means of ESI/MS and MALDI/TOFMS. Furthermore, two major characteristic fragmentations, namely and alpha-cleavage ([M+H](+)--gt;;[3-vinylindole](+)) and beta-cleavage ([M+H](+)--gt;;[CH(2)N(+)R(N1)R(N2)]), are produced when the ESI and MALDI modes are used, respectively. In the case of ESI/MS, the fragment obtained from alpha-cleavage is the major process. In contrast to this, in the case of MALDI/TOFMS, the major fragment is produced via beta-cleavage. The ionization efficiency and fragments formed from either alpha- or beta-cleavages are closely related to the degree of alkylation of the side chain nitrogen in both cases.
Comments and Responses to this Article
Submit Comment
[ Cite HTML ]