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Stone DM, Johnson M, Hanson GR, Gibb JW. 
“A comparison of the neurotoxic potential of methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and its N-methylated and N-ethylated derivatives”. 
Eur J Pharmacol. 1987;134(2):245-8.
Three psychoactive amphetamine congeners were evaluated for their ability to cause long-term changes in several neurochemical parameters indicative of central serotonergic function. Two weeks after multiple doses (10 mg/kg) of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) or its N-methylated derivative, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), selective and dramatic decreases were observed in regional brain tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) activities, and in corresponding concentrations of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its primary metabolite, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA). However, the N-ethylated derivative of MDA, N-ethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDE), was much less potent in its ability to lower brain hydroxyindoles, and in most regions examined did not significantly affect TPH activity. The neurotoxic implications of these results are discussed.

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