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Seely KA, Patton AL, Moran CL, Womack ML, Prather PL, Fantegrossi WE, Radominska-Pandya A, Endres GW, Channell KB, Smith NH, McCain KR, James LP, Moran JH. 
“Forensic investigation of K2, Spice, and bath salt commercial preparations: A three-year study of new designer drug products containing synthetic cannabinoid, stimulant, and hallucinogenic compounds”. 
Forensic Sci Int. 2013 Dec 09;233(1-3):416-22.
New designer drugs such as K2, Spice, and bath salts present a formidable challenge for law enforcement and public health officials. The following report summarizes a three-year study of 1320 law enforcement cases involving over 3000 products described as vegetable material, powders, capsules, tablets, blotter paper, or drug paraphernalia. All items were seized in Arkansas from January 2010 through December 2012 and submitted to the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory for analysis. The geographical distribution of these seizures co-localized in areas with higher population, colleges, and universities. Validated forensic testing procedures confirmed the presence of 26 synthetic cannabinoids, 12 designer stimulants, and 5 hallucinogenic-like drugs regulated by the Synthetic Drug Prevention Act of 2012 and other state statutes. Analysis of paraphernalia suggests that these drugs are commonly used concomitantly with other drugs of abuse including marijuana, MDMA, and methamphetamine. Exact designer drug compositions were unpredictable and often formulated with multiple agents, but overall, the synthetic cannabinoids were significantly more prevalent than all the other designer drugs detected. The synthetic cannabinoids JWH-018, AM2201, JWH-122, JWH-210, and XLR11 were most commonly detected in green vegetable material and powder products. The designer stimulants methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPV, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone methylone, and alpha-methylamino-valerophenone pentedrone were commonly detected in tablets, capsules, and powders. Hallucinogenic drugs were rarely detected, but generally found on blotter paper products. Emerging designer drug products remain a significant problem and continued surveillance is needed to protect public health.
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Jan 14, 2014 20:58
Plant Material with Synthetics #

One of the things the researchers looked at was what chemicals were sold on plant matter in products sold in the recreational faux potpourri or faux incense markets. As expected, the plant matter products were most likely to have a cannabinoid-like substance on them, though they did find some plant material that had stimulant chemicals added.
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Dec 10, 2013 14:21
Effect of Scheduling #

This paper shows that, at least in Arkansas, scheduling of synthetic cannabinoids rapidly and dramatically decreases their availability although they are immediately replaced with new, not yet scheduled analogues, but scheduling of bath salts constituents has no impact on their availability whatsoever.
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